Respiratory Physiology of Vertebrates: Life With and Without Oxygen

By Göran E. Nilsson

Respiratory Physiology of Vertebrates: Life With and Without Oxygen PDF. How do vertebrates get the oxygen they need, or even manage without it for shorter or longer periods of time? How do they sense oxygen, how do they take it up from water or air, and how do they transport it to their tissues? Respiratory system adaptations allow numerous vertebrates to thrive in extreme environments where oxygen availability is limited or where there is no oxygen at all. Written for students and researchers in comparative physiology, this authoritative summary of vertebrate respiratory physiology begins by exploring the fundamentals of oxygen sensing, uptake and transport in a textbook style. Subsequently, the reader is shown important examples of extreme respiratory performance, like diving and high altitude survival in mammals and birds, air breathing in fish, and those few vertebrates that can survive without any oxygen at all for several months, showing how evolution has solved the problem of life without oxygen.

  • Examples of extreme respiratory performance show how evolution solves the problems of life without oxygen
  • A summary of vertebrate respiratory physiology allows a clear understanding of how animals get the oxygen they need from the environment
  • Textbook style presentation allows for uncomplicated understanding of the fundamental processes of respiratory physiology in vertebrates
Table of Contents

Part I – General principles

1 – Introduction: why we need oxygen

2 – Sensing oxygen

3 – Oxygen uptake and transport in water breathers

4 – Oxygen uptake and transport in air breathers

Part II – Special cases

5 – Adaptations to hypoxia in fishes

6 – Breathing air in water and in air: the air-breathing fishes

7 – Air breathers under water: diving mammals and birds

8 – Vertebrate life at high altitude

9 – Surviving without any oxygen

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