Comparative Veterinary Anatomy, A Clinical Approach

Comparative Veterinary Anatomy, A Clinical Approach PDF

By James A. Orsini, Nora S. Grenager and Alexander de Lahunta

Comparative Veterinary Anatomy: A Clinical Approach PDF describes the comprehensive, clinical application of anatomy for veterinarians, veterinary students, allied health professionals and undergraduate students majoring in biology and zoology. The book covers the applied anatomy of dogs, cats, horses, cows and other farm animals, with a short section on avian/exotics, and with specific clinical anatomical topics. The work improves the understanding of basic veterinary anatomy by making it relevant in the context of common clinical problems. This book will serve as a single-source reference on the application of important anatomical structures in a clinical setting. Students, practitioners and specialists will find this information easy-to-use and well-illustrated, thus presenting an accurate representation of essential anatomical structures that relates to real-life clinical situations in veterinary medicine.

  • Presents multiple species, garnering a broad audience of interest for veterinarians, specialists, professional students and undergraduate students majoring in the biological sciences
  • Contains anatomically accurate color figures at the beginning of each different species section
  • Focuses on clinically-oriented anatomy
  • Correlates gross anatomy, radiology, ultrasound, CT, MRI and nuclear medicine in clinical case presentations
Table of Contents
Title page
Table of Contents
Copyright
Dedication
Contributors
Preface
Acknowledgments
Section I: Introduction
Chapter 1: Clinical Anatomy Nomenclature
Abstract
Selected references
Section II: Diagnostic Imaging
Chapter 2: Introduction to Imaging Modalities
part1: Current Imaging Technologies
Case 2.1: Endoscopy
Abstract
Introduction
Endoscopic procedures
Selected references
Case 2.2: Radiography
Abstract
Introduction
Understanding the imaging technology/mode of action
Improving radiographic image quality
Additional radiographic imaging techniques
Radiographic safety
Fluoroscopy
Selected references
Case 2.3: Ultrasonography (US)
Abstract
Introduction
Understanding the imaging technology/mode of action
Additional US imaging techniques
Artifacts and maximizing image acquisition
Selected references
Case 2.4: Computed Tomography (CT)
Abstract
Introduction
Risks and limitations of CT
Selected references
Diagnostic Imaging 2.5: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Abstract
Introduction
Understanding the imaging technology/mode of action
Selected references
Case 2.6: Nuclear Medicine (Including PET)
Abstract
Introduction
Understanding the imaging technology/mode of action
Additional nuclear medicine techniques
Selected references
part2: Novel Technologies
Case 2.7: Advances in Diagnostic Imaging
Abstract
Files in diagnostic imaging
3-D printing
Cone beam computed tomography
Total or whole-body PET scanner
Selected references
Section III: Canine and Feline Clinical Cases
Chapter 3: Axial Skeleton: Head, Neck, and Vertebral Column
part1: Nasal Cavity, Pharynx, and Paranasal Sinuses
Case 3.1: Nasopharyngeal Polyp
Abstract
Clinical case
Clinical anatomy in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 3.2: Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part2: Mouth
Case 3.3: Odontogenic Disease
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part3: Eye
Case 3.4: Retrobulbar Mass
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part4: Ear
Case 3.5: Otitis Interna/Media
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part5: Neck
Case 3.7: Thyroid Adenocarcinoma
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 3.7: Hyperthyroidism
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part6: Vestibular System, Brain and Vertebral Column
Case 3.8: Cervical Intervertebral Disc Disease
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 3.9: Vestibular Dysfunction
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 3.10: Glioma
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 3.11: Meningioma
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 3.12: Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Disease
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Chapter 4: Thorax
part1: Pleura, Mediastinum, and Lungs
Case 4.1: Aspiration Pneumonia
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 4.2: Pyothorax
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 4.3: Diaphragmatic Rupture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part2: Mediastinal Organs
Case 4.4: Feline Cardiomyopathy
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 4.5: Persistent Right Fourth Aortic Arch (PRAA)
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 4.6: Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA)
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 4.7: Mitral Valve Disease
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 4.8: Esophageal Foreign Body
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Chapter 5: Abdomen
part1: Liver, Pancreas, Spleen, and Adrenal Glands
Case 5.1: Portosystemic Vascular Anomaly
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 5.2: Extrahepatic Bile Duct Obstruction Secondary to Acute Pancreatitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 5.3: Hyperadrenocorticism
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 5.4: Splenic Torsion
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part2: Stomach
Case 5.5: Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part3: Small Intestine
Case 5.6: Small Intestine Obstruction
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part4: Large Intestine, Anal Canal, and Rectum
Case 5.7: Megacolon
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part5: Body Wall
Case 5.8: Abdominal Wall Hernia
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Chapter 6: Pelvic Organs
part1: Female Urogenital System
Case 6.1: Ectopic Ureters
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 6.2: Pyometra
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 6.3: Dystocia and the Mammary Gland
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part2: Male Urogenital System
Case 6.4: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 6.5: Congenital Phimosis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Chapter 7: Thoracic Limb
part1: Proximal Thoracic Limb (shoulder, brachium, and antebrachium)
Case 7.1: Osteochondritis Dissecans of the Shoulder
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 7.2: Incomplete Ossification of the Humeral Condyle
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part2: Distal Thoracic Limb (carpus and manus)
Case 7.3: Carpal Valgus Deformity
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 7.4: Phalangeal Fracture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part3: Innervation of the Thoracic Limb
Case 7.5: Nerve Sheath Neoplasm
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Chapter 8: Pelvic Limb
part1: Proximal Pelvic Limb (hip, stifle, crus)
Case 8.1: Hip Dysplasia
Abstract
Clinical case
Relevant Clinical Anatomy in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 8.2: Femoral Fracture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 8.3: Cranial Cruciate Ligament Tear
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 8.4: Tibial Fracture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part2: Distal Pelvic Limb (tarsus and pes)
Case 8.5: Fracture of the Tarsal Bones
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
part3: Innervation of the Pelvic Limb
Case 8.6: Degenerative Lumbosacral Stenosis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Case 8.7: Calcaneal Tendon Injury
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in canids and felids
Selected references
Chapter 9: Integument and Mammary Gland
Case 9.1: Sebaceous Adenitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in domestic animals
Selected references
3.0 Canine Landscape Figures (1–9)
3.1 Feline Landscape Figures (1–9)
Section IV: Equine Clinical cases
Chapter 10: Axial Skeleton: Head, Neck, and Vertebral Column
part1: Eye
Case 10.1: Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part2: Mouth
Case 10.2: Septic Sialoadenitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part3: Paranasal Sinuses
Case 10.3: Paranasal Sinus Cyst
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 10.4: Dental Disease and Sinusitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part4: Pharynx
Case 10.5: Guttural Pouch Disease
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 10.6: Dorsal displacement of the soft palate
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 10.7: Laryngeal hemiplegia
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part5: Cranial Nerves
Case 10.8: Vestibular disease
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part6: Ear
Case 10.9: Ear sarcoid
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part7: Poll
Case 10.10: Nuchal Bursitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part8: Neck
Case 10.11: Esophageal Obstruction
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part9: Central Nervous System
Case 10.12: Cervical Vertebral Osteoarthritis
Abstract
Clinical case
Relevant anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 10.13: Congenital Cerebellar Disorder
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Chapter 11: Thorax
part1: Heart
Case 11.1: Tetralogy of Fallot
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 11.2: Mitral Regurgitation
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part2: Pleura, Mediastinum, and Lungs
Case 11.3: Pleuropneumonia
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Chapter 12: Abdomen
part1: Stomach, Spleen, and Small Intestine
Case 12.1: Gastric Ulcer Disease
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 12.2: Duodenitis-proximal Jejunitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 12.3: Epiploic Foramen Entrapment
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part2: Cecum and Colon
Case 12.4: Cecal Impaction
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 12.5: Large Colon Volvulus
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 12.6: Small Colon Enterolith
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part3: Organs
Case 12.7: Cholangiocarcinoma
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Chapter 13: Pelvic Organs
part1: Female Urogenital System
Case 13.1: Urovagina
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 13.2: Second-Degree Perineal Laceration
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 13.3: Uterine Artery Rupture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 13.4: Granulosa Cell Tumor
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 13.5: Endometrial Cysts
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 13.6: Oviduct/Uterine Tube Obstruction
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part2: Male Urogenital System
Case 13.7: Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Penis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 13.8: Seminal Vesiculitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 13.9: Inguinal Hernia
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part3: Urinary Bladder and Urachal Remnant
Case 13.10: Omphalitis and Bladder Rupture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 13.11: Cystic Calculus
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Chapter 14: Thoracic Limb
part1: Proximal Thoracic Limb (shoulder, brachium, and antebrachium)
Case 14.1: Radial Neuropathy
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 14.2: Supraglenoid Tubercle Fracture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 14.3: Ulnar Fracture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 14.4: Radial Fracture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part2: Distal Thoracic Limb (carpus and manus)
Case 14.5: Superficial Digital Flexor Tendonitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 14.6: Osteochondral fragment of the metacarpophalangeal joint
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 14.7: Fracture of the 2nd Phalanx
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 14.8: Foreign Body Penetration of the Hoof
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 14.9: Laminitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Chapter 15: Pelvic Limb
part1: Proximal Pelvic Limb (hip, stifle, crus)
Case 15.1: Coxofemoral Joint Luxation
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 15.2: Osteochondritis Dissecans
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 15.3: Disruption of the Fibularis (Peroneus) Tertius
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
part2: Distal Pelvic Limb (tarsus and pes)
Case 15.4: Gastrocnemius Tendonitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 15.5: Fracture of the 4th Metatarsal Bone
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Chapter 16: Integument and Mammary Gland
Case 16.1: Hereditary Equine Regional Dermal Asthenia
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
Case 16.2: Mastitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in equids
Selected references
4.0 Equine Landscape Figures (1–11)
Section V: Farm Animal Clinical Cases
Chapter 17: Axial Skeleton: Head, Neck, and Vertebral Column
part1: Head and Neck
Case 17.1: Maxillary Sinusitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in bovids
Selected references
Case 17.2: Tooth Root Abscess
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in alpacas and llamas
Selected references
Case 17.3: Dehorning
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in bovids
Selected references
part2: Vertebral Column
Case 17.4: Spinal Lymphoma
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Chapter 18: Thorax
part1: Heart and Lungs
Case 18.1: Pericarditis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 18.2: Endocarditis and Atrial Lymphoma
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Chapter 19: Abdomen
part1: Forestomachs (rumen, reticulum, omasum, and abomasum)
Case 19.1: Traumatic Reticuloperitonitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 19.2: Left Displacement of the Abomasum
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
part2: Small and Large Intestine
Case 19.3: Intestinal Volvulus
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in bovids
Selected references
part3: Cecum
Case 19.4: Cecal Dilatation/Volvulus
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
part4: Liver
Case 19.5: Caudal Vena Cava Syndrome
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 19.6: Hepatic Lipidosis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminantss
Selected references
part5: Kidney
Case 19.7: Hydronephrosis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Chapter 20: Pelvic Organs
part1: Female Urogenital System
Case 20.1: Perineal Laceration
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 20.2: Dystocia With Cesarean Section
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
part2: Male Urogenital System
Case 20.3: Urolithiasis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 20.4: Penile Hematoma
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Chapter 21: Thoracic Limb
part1: Thoracic Limb
Case 21.1: Shoulder Luxation
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 21.2: Septic Arthritis of the Distal Interphalangeal Joint
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 21.3: Sole Ulcer
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 21.4: Metacarpal Fracture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Chapter 22: Pelvic Limb
part1: Pelvic Limb
Case 22.1: Coxofemoral Luxation
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 22.2: Patellar Luxation
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in camelids
Selected references
Case 22.3: Cranial Cruciate Ligament Rupture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 22.4: Gastrocnemius Rupture
Abstract
Clinical case
Clinical anatomy in ruminants
Selected references
Chapter 23: Integument and Mammary Gland/Udder
Case 23.1: Contagious Ecthyma
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 23.2: Chronic Udder Abscess
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
Case 23.3: Teat Obstruction
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in ruminants
Selected references
5.0 Bovine Landscape Figures (1–9)
Abstract
Section VI: Avian Clinical Cases
Chapter 24: Adaptations to Flight
Case 24: Adaptations to Flight
Abstract
Chapter 25: Head and Neck
Case 25.1: Infraorbital sinusitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 25.2: Crop impaction
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 25.3: Syringeal Obstruction
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 25.4: Beak Fracture
Abstract
Acknowledgments
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 25.5: Obstruction of External Ear Canal
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 25.6: Ocular Trauma
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Chapter 26: Thoraco-abdominal Cavity
Case 26.1: Ischemic Stroke
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 26.2: Egg-yolk peritonitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 26.3: Air sacculitis
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 26.4: Ventricular Foreign Body
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 26.5: Sertoli Cell Tumor
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 26.6: Marek’s Disease
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Chapter 27: Thoracic and Pelvic Limb
Case 27.1: Humeral Fracture
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 27.2: Vertebral Column Trauma
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Case 27.3: Pododermatitis (Bumblefoot)
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
Chapter 28: Integument/Feathers
Case 28.1: Impacted Uropygial (Preen) Gland
Abstract
Clinical case
Anatomical features in avian species
Selected references
6.0 Avian Landscape Figures (1–7)
Abstract
Appendix 1: Standard abbreviations
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J and K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W–Z
Appendix 2: Normal Respiratory Rate, Heart Rate, and Temperature Reference Ranges
Resting respiratory rates (brpm)
Resting heart rates (bpm)
Normal rectal temperature
References
Appendix 3: Hematology reference intervals
Appendix 4: Biochemistry Reference Intervals
Bibliography
Anatomy textbooks referenced for clinical cases and figures
List of Illustrations under Editor Copyright
Index

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