Rumen Microbiology From Evolution to Revolution 

Rumen Microbiology From Evolution to Revolution PDF

By Anil Kumar Puniya, Rameshwar Singh, Devki Nandan Kamra

Rumen Microbiology From Evolution to Revolution PDF offers an in-depth description of different groups of microbes (i.e. bacteria, protozoa, fungi and viruses) that exist in the rumen microbial community, and offers an overview of rumen microbiology, the rumen microbial ecosystem of domesticated ruminants, and rumen microbial diversity. It provides the latest concepts on rumen microbiology for scholars, researchers and teachers of animal and veterinary sciences. With this goal in mind, throughout the text we focus on specific areas related to the biology and complex interactions of the microbes in rumen, integrating significant key issues in each respective area. We also discuss rumen manipulation with plant secondary metabolites, microbial feed additives, utilization of organic acids, selective inhibition of harmful rumen microbes, and ‘omics’ approaches to manipulating rumen microbial functions. A section on the exploration and exploitation of rumen microbes addresses topics including the current state of knowledge on rumen metagenomics, rumen: an underutilized niche for industrially important enzymes and ruminal fermentations to produce fuels. We next turn our attention to commercial applications of rumen microbial enzymes and to the molecular characterization of euryarcheal communities within an anaerobic digester. A section on intestinal disorders and rumen microbes covers acidosis in cattle, urea/ ammonia metabolism in the rumen and nitrate/ nitrite toxicity in ruminant diets. Last, the future prospects of rumen microbiology are examined, based on the latest developments in this area. In summary, the book offers a highly systematic collection of essential content on rumen microbiology.

Table of Contents

Front Matter

Overview of Rumen and Ruminants

Rumen Microbiology: An Overview

Rumen Microbial Ecosystem of Domesticated Ruminants

Domesticated Rare Animals (Yak, Mithun and Camel): Rumen Microbial Diversity

Wild Ruminants

Structure and Function of a Nonruminant Gut: A Porcine Model

Rumen Microbial Diversity

Rumen Bacteria
Rumen Fungi
Rumen Protozoa
Ruminal Viruses (Bacteriophages, Archaeaphages)
Rumen Methanogens

Rumen Manipulation

Plant Secondary Metabolites
Microbial Feed Additives
Utilization of Organic Acids to Manipulate Ruminal Fermentation and Improve Ruminant Productivity
Selective Inhibition of Harmful Rumen Microbes
‘Omics’ Approaches to Understand and Manipulate Rumen Microbial Function

Exploration and Exploitation of Rumen Microbes

Rumen Metagenomics
Rumen: An Underutilised Niche for Industrially Important Enzymes
Ruminal Fermentations to Produce Liquid and Gaseous Fuels
Commercial Application of Rumen Microbial Enzymes
Molecular Characterisation of Euryarchaeotal Community Within an Anaerobic Digester

Intestinal Disorders and Rumen Microbes

Front Matter
Acidosis in Cattle
Urea/Ammonia Metabolism in the Rumen and Toxicity in Ruminants
Nitrate/Nitrite Toxicity and Possibilities of Their Use in Ruminant Diet

Future Prospects of Rumen Microbiology

Front Matter
Revolution in Rumen Microbiology

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