Ruminant Physiology: Digestion, Metabolism and Impact of Nutrition on Gene Expression, Immunology and Stress

Ruminant Physiology: Digestion, Metabolism And Impact Of Nutrition On Gene Expression, Immunology And Stress Pdf

By K. Sejrsen, T. Hvelplund and M. O. Nielsen

Ruminant Physiology: Digestion, Metabolism and Impact of Nutrition on Gene Expression, Immunology and Stress PDF contains key contributions to the Xth International Symposium on Ruminant Physiology. Proceedings from past ISRP symposia have had a major influence on research and teaching in animal science over the years. Without a doubt the peer-reviewed chapters in this book, written by some of the best scientists in the field, will live up to this fine tradition. The chapters cover a wide range of topics spanning from digestion and absorption to metabolism, reproduction and lactation. Advancement of knowledge within important issues related to rumen fermentation, absorption mechanisms and splanchnic metabolism is treated in nine chapters. A number of chapters address the relationship between nutrition and gene expression illustrating important progress in scientific knowledge that can be obtained by applying the molecular biology methods to the field. Several chapters address the effects of nutrition on immunology and cover topics related to the health and welfare of production animals. In keeping with the increased attention on the relationship between food and human health, the book contains two important chapters on this topic.

Read more: Ruminant Physiology: Digestion, Metabolism and Effects of Nutrition on Reproduction and Welfare

Table of Contents

Part I: Rumen fermentation

Characterisation and quantification of the microbial populations of the rumen

The role of thermodynamics in the control of ruminal fermentation

Digestion and passage of fibre in ruminants

Part II: Absorption mechanisms

Transport systems in the epithelia of the small and large intestines

Urea transporters and urea recycling in ruminants

Ruminal SCFA absorption: channelling acids without harm

Part III: Splachnic metabolism

Splanchnic metabolism of long-chain fatty acids in ruminants

Splanchnic amino acid metabolism in ruminants

Splanchnic metabolism of short-chain fatty acids in the ruminant

Part IV: Lactation and reproduction physiology

Patterns and putative regulatory mechanisms of high-affinity glutamate transporter
expression by ruminants

Characterisation and nutritional regulation of the main lipogenic genes in the ruminant
lactating mammary gland

Roles of growth hormone and leptin in the periparturient dairy cow

Part V: Lactation and reproduction physiology

Prenatal nutrition, fetal programming and opportunities for farm animal research

Mammary cell turnover: relevance to lactation persistency and dry period management

Milk fat depression: concepts, mechanisms and management applications

Part VI: Nutrition and immunology

Endocrine effects on immune function: defining opportunities based on knowledge
from growing calf and periparturient animal models

Energy and protein effects on the immune system

Vitamin and trace mineral effects on immune function of ruminants

Part VII: Nutrition and stress physiology

Effects of nutrition on stress reactivity

Part VIII: Human health aspects

Milk fatty acids and human health: potential role of conjugated linoleic acid and trans
fatty acids

Does cow’s milk enhance linear growth: evidence from developing and industrialized
countries

Part IX: Workshop reports

The use of ruminants in less developed counties and the priorities within ruminant
physiology research to assist in development

Methods used for studying particle size and digesta flow
Chaired by D.P. Poppi and A.de Vega

Index

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