Managing Healthy Livestock Production and Consumption

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Managing Healthy Livestock Production and Consumption PDF is a highly interdisciplinary resource based on scientific and empirical evidence. It is illustrated with best practices of low-input livestock systems from different continents and offers predictive modelling alternatives for a more resilient future. By addressing gaps of knowledge and presenting scientific perspective studies of livestock’s impact on the environment and the global food supply up to 2050, this book is useful for those advocating for sustainable food systems. Existing evidence of the effects of livestock production on food quality and nutrition is reviewed. Livestock production and consumption is a highly diverse topic where current publications only include/focus a single aspect of the issues, for example, greenhouse gas emissions or health impacts, leading to unilateral decisions such as refraining from meat consumption. However, animals are necessary to soil fertility and ecosystems balance and a more realistic resource is necessary for researchers, scientists, and policy makers. This book clarifies perceptions by presenting sound scientific evidence across livestock landscapes for the scientific community to better appreciate the ecological web of life and the social web of community related to livestock production. An edited work written by globally diverse scientists and practitioners, including field workers, technicians, and policy makers, this is a valuable resource for researchers, teachers, and development agents working in the area of sustainable livestock production and consumption of animal source foods. National, international organizations, policy makers, and donors interested in sustainable development of the livestock sector will also find the information here practical and applicable.

  • Describes the public-health impacts of sustainable diets and livestock products
  • Presents the impacts of livestock production on the environment and food supply
  • Explores future scenarios (up to 2050) of low input livestock systems
  • Includes current case studies of low input livestock systems that offer potential for scaling-up and replication for sustainable livestock futures
Table of Contents
  • Cover image
  • Title page
  • Table of Contents
  • Copyright
  • List of figures
  • List of tables
  • List of boxes
  • List of pictures
  • List of contributors
  • About the authors
  • Preface
  • Acknowledgments
  • Section 1: Introduction
  • Chapter 1. Introduction to livestock systems
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • Introduction
  • Centrality of livestock supply chains in our lives and on our planet
  • Livestock production systems
  • Sustainability pathways: from anonymous livestock supply chains into harmonious regenerative value networks
  • References
  • Section 2: Animals and health
  • Chapter 2. Livestock food and human nutrition
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • Global trends in livestock production, consumption and marketing
  • The debate over animal food and nutrition
  • The animal protein dilemma
  • References
  • Chapter 3. Livestock xenobiotics and zoonoses
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • Xenobiotics compounds found in animal food
  • Zoonoses
  • Processing and cooking toxins
  • References
  • Chapter 4. Healthy livestock production and consumption
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • Healthy animal husbandry: grass-fed organic
  • Diverse food for healthy gut microbiomes
  • Livestock systems, food safety and health
  • References
  • Chapter 5. Pesticide safety in livestock products
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • Introduction
  • Pesticides, steroids and antibiotics found in animal products
  • Concerns about setting acceptable daily intake and maximum residue limit
  • Pesticides’ metabolites, dioxins and adjuvants
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Chapter 6. Continuous development of animal welfare, with a focus on organic farming
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • Introduction
  • Relevance and definition of animal welfare
  • Comparing animal welfare legislation and standards
  • Animal welfare legislation and standards in organic animal husbandry: the need for improvement
  • Outcome-oriented approaches to animal welfare
  • Research and outcomes on animal welfare in organic farming
  • Conclusions and recommendations
  • References
  • Section 3: Livestock Landscapes
  • Chapter 7. Livestock and future food supply scenarios
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • Long-term food supply perspectives
  • Sustainable Organic Livestock model (SOL-m)
  • Efficiency revisited
  • References
  • Chapter 8. Pastoralism as a response to climate change and water security in Mediterranean mountains and forests
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • Climate change and desertification in mountain areas
  • Environmental risks in mountainous rangelands and opportunities of extensive grazing
  • Toward collective awareness
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 9. Landscape management: ecological engineering in temperate areas
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • Landscapes
  • Fundamental elements of landscape management
  • References
  • Chapter 10. Let them graze! Potentials of ruminant production outside the feed-food competition
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • Feeding ruminants: what are their fair resources?
  • The art of herding: challenges of grassland management and diet composition
  • The meaning of phytochemical diversity: precision livestock farming on pasture
  • Less will be more: site-adapted breeds
  • Wrap-up: the potentials of grasslands for food security, ecological sustainability and animal welfare
  • References
  • Chapter 11. The promises of food without soil and toil
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • A dream of food without dirt
  • Farm-free foods
  • Electric food
  • Algae and insects
  • Indoor farming
  • Saving water and land by using more energy?
  • Urban farming
  • Another narrative is needed
  • References
  • Chapter 12. Livestock as a tool to regenerate land
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • The biodiversity, desertification and climate nexus
  • Technological software for complex systems
  • Animals as biological tools to restore land
  • Grazing livestock mitigates climate change
  • Holistic planned grazing
  • Toward a multiple benefits solution
  • References
  • Section 4: Stories from around the world
  • Chapter 13. Experiences of low-external-input livestock systems
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • Improving land management through grazing strategies
  • Subchapter 13.1. Rotational grazing in the flooding pampa, Argentina
  • About the authors
  • Subchapter 13.2. Holistic management of livestock, Zimbabwe
  • About the authors
  • Subchapter 13.3. Adapting to climate change in grasslands of Inner Mongolia, China
  • About the author
  • Subchapter 13.4. Organic livestock management and climate resilience, New Zealand
  • About the author
  • Low to zero grain feeding strategies
  • Subchapter 13.5. Conservation of native vegetation and traditional camel herding in Rajasthan, India
  • About the authors
  • Subchapter 13.6. Sustainability of organic dairy production in Tyrol pastures, Austria
  • About the authors
  • Subchapter 13.7. Feeding spineless cactus to cattle for drought resilience, Kenya
  • About the authors
  • Subchapter 13.8. Integrated organic livestock-crop production system, Thailand
  • About the author
  • Alternatives to synthetic agricultural inputs
  • Subchapter 13.9. Improving nutrient efficiency through organic management, Madagascar
  • About the authors
  • Subchapter 13.10. Breeding for gastrointestinal parasite resistance in Merino sheep, Australia
  • About the authors
  • Subchapter 13.11. Animals for feeding soils on biodynamic farms, Egypt
  • About the authors
  • Section 5: Conclusions
  • Chapter 14. Full-cost accounting for decision-making related to livestock systems
  • Abstract
  • Chapter outline
  • What we know about current livestock landscapes
  • Full-cost accounting for improved decision-making
  • Livestock impacts on the natural, economic, human and social capitals
  • Aggregating and communicating results
  • A consumer checklist
  • Conclusions
  • References
  • Index

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