Calving Management and Newborn Calf Care: An Interactive Textbook for Cattle Medicine and Obstetrics

By João Simões and George Stilwell

Calving Management and Newborn Calf Care: An Interactive Textbook for Cattle Medicine and Obstetrics PDF provides detailed information on calving management in dairy and beef cattle. Enriched with diverse learning opportunities, it conveys the fundamentals of reproductive anatomy and physiology, parturition, birth complications and various obstetrical manoeuvres, as well as dam and calf care. In order to promote best practices in this specialized subject, the book covers all significant points from conception to calving and the perinatal period. Clear chapter structures, a wealth of illustrations and videos, obstetrical case studies, and question-and-answer lists round out the reading experience, making the book a unique source of information on how to support mother cows and obtain viable offspring. In addition, readers can download the free Springer Nature Flashcards App and benefit from 77 digital study questions to test their knowledge.

Calving is a significant event in terms of providing care and nutrition for mother cows and calves. The reproductive health status in cattle farms is crucial to immediately initiate lactation and new conception. Assistance by technical personnel, dystocia and stillbirth occurrences can reach ca. 50%, 14% and 6% of parturitions, respectively. Hence, zootechnical and veterinary management of calving is of great importance for animal welfare.

This textbook makes a valuable contribution to teaching and everyday practice in cattle medicine and obstetrics. Veterinary students, residents, practitioners and technical personnel will discover it to be a rich learning and reference resource.

  • Comprehensive textbook and unique learning elements
  • With videos, animations and illustrated case studies on pregnancy, obstetrics and foetal dystocia
  • Complemented by 77 digital study questions in the free Springer Nature Flashcards App
  • Covers dam and calf care during all stages of reproduction
  • Links theory to good practice
Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Generalities/Introduction
1.1. Reproduction in cattle (definitions, implications with production …)
1.1.1. Dairy herds
1.1.2. Beef herds
1.2. Reproduction management 1.3. Embryonic, fetal losses and abortion
1.4. Calving
1.4.1. Euia (definition)
1.4.2. Dysia (definitions, incidence, significances, …)
1.5. The offspring (vitality, mortality,…)
1.6. The challenges and new insights for the care of the dam and calf

Chapter 2 Anatomy of the reproductive system
Short introduction regarding the uterus/ovaries and concept of pelvimetry
2.1. Internal genitalia (Uterus, cervix and vagina/vestibular zone, ovaries)
2.2. External genitalia (vulva, perineum, defects, …)
2.3. The pelvis
Concept of birth canal, applications of pelvimetry 2.3.1. The osseous constituents (sacrum, ischium, ilium, pelvic inlet and outlet…)
2.3.2. Soft tissues (ligaments, articulations, blood vessels, nerfs, pelvic diaphragm, …)
2.3.3. Conformation and inclination
2.4. Pelvic mensuration (techniques and uses)
2.5. Genetic and nutritional improvement for an adequate pelvis in heifers.
2.6. Most common genetic and congenital defects

Learning objectives/key points and Q&A

Chapter 3 Reproductive physiology
3.1. Oestrus cycle (characterization; hormones; main reasons for length variation, …)
3.2. Conception (fertilization, embryonic development, maternal recognition, embryo implantation; hormonal changes, placental development, Is the bovine uterus a sterile environment?, …)
3.3 Pregnancy length (related factors; claws, infections and discomfort, myometrium contractility during late pregnancy, … )
3.4. Effect of pregnancy stage on milk composition
3.5. Anoestrus – causes and consequences
3.6. Factors affecting reproductive physiology and fertility (virus, genetic, malnutrition).

Chapter 4 Non-pregnant and pregnant cow’s management
4.1. Management of timed fertilization/insemination (Genomic evaluation of age at first calving, determination of optimal time in heifers and in adult cows, …)
4.2. Twins (incidence, implications, potential reduction, …)
4.3. Management of the pregnant cow (diagnosis, rectal palpation and pregnancy loss, nutritional management during lactating period, vaccinations, serum metabolites during pregnancy…)
4.4. Management of the pregnant heifer
4.5. Transition period
4.5.1. Implications of dry period length
4.5.2. Changes in the mammary gland
4.5.3. Nutritional management (negative energy balance, minerals, BCS, feed intake,…)
4.6. Colostrum (characterization, nutritional value, immunoglobulin G1, G2 and M concentrations, preservation…)

Learning objectives/key points and Q&A

Chapter 5 Normal birth (euia)
5.1. Parturition induction and hormonal changes (physiologic induction, artificial induction)
5.2. Fetal static (classification, assessment,…)
5.3. Prodromal external signs of parturition5.4 Stages of labor
5.4.1. Stage I or dilatation stage (signs, duration, changes…)
5.4.2. Stage II or fetal expulsion stage (signs, duration, changes…) Prediction and management (Body/rectal/vaginal/eart temperature; Rumination and feeding behavior; Combined pelvic ligament relaxation and teat filling measurement; Behavioral changes; Steroid assays, use of automated monitoring devices and electronic data loggers to predict the calving)
5.4.3. Stage III or placental expulsion (signs, duration, changes…)
5.5. Fetal physiology during parturition
5.5.1. Respiratory changes
5.5.2. Cardiovascular changes

Learning objectives/key points and Q&A

Chapter 6 Abnormal occurrences during calving
6.1. Causes of dysia (Fetal and/or maternal; new tentatives of classification,…)
6.2. Fetopelvic disproportion and absolute fetal improved size
6.3. Fault dispositions (abnormal fetal static)
6.4. Inadequate size of birth canal
6.5. Inadequate forces
6.6. Fetal congenital defects affecting calving6.6. Signs of fetal stress (how to identify, how to avoid, how to correct)
6.7. Human intervention in dysia (lubrification, epidural, sedation, episiotomy, pulling…)

Learning objectives/key points and Q&A

Chapter 7 Assisted vaginal delivery
7.1. Obstetrical examination
7.2. Appropriate time for obstetrical intervention
7.3. Scales to measure the need for assistance
7.4. Appropriate installations for calving (maternity features…)
7.7. Post-calving assistance

Learning objectives/key points and Q&A

Chapter 8 Obstetric manoeuvres
8.1. Definitions and classification of obstetric manoeuvres
All procedures with scientific illustration
Learning objectives/key points and Q&A

Chapter 9 Fetotomy
9.1 Indications and contraindications
9.2 Dam preparation
9.3 Material for different types of fetotomy (percutaneous
9.4 Procedures (parcial and total fetotomy)
9.5 Post-intervention care
Learning objectives/key points and Q&A

Chapter 10 Caesarean Section10.1. Indications and contraindications (including the surgical approach)
10.2. When to go for a C-section
10.3. Dam restraint methods
10.4. Anesthetic prools
10.5. Different surgical procedures
10.6. Postoperative care

Learning objectives/key points and Q&A

Chapter 11 Obstetric problems before or during calving
11.1. Uterine torsion
11.1.1. Ethiopathophysiology
11.1.2. Diagnosis
11.1.3. Treatment
11.1.4 Post-intervention care
11.2. Vaginal prolapse
11.2.1. Ethiopathophysiology
11.2.2. Diagnosis
11.2.3. Treatment
11.2.4 Post-intervention care
11.3. Hydrops (Hydrallantois/Hydramnios)
11.3.1. Ethiopathophysiology
11.3.2. Diagnosis
11.3.3. Treatment
11.3.4 Post-intervention care
11.4. Lacerations, hemorrhages and organ rupture
11.4.1. Ethiopathophysiology
11.4.2. Diagnosis
11.4.3. Treatment11.4.4 Post-intervention care

Learning objectives/key points and Q&A

Chapter 12 Post-partum management
12.1. Pain management after calving
12.2. Uterine involution (including factor which affect cervix closure, …)12.2. Resumption of estrous cyclicity (Dairy and beef cows,…)
12.3. Influence of calving events and post-partum health on fertility.

Learning objectives/key points and Q&A

Chapter 13 Post-partum diseases
13.1. Uterine prolapse13.2. Hypocalcaemia (milk fever)
13.3. Downer cow
13.2. Retained placenta
13.3. Puerperal metritis
13.4. Endometritis and pyometra
13.5. Other diseases and their relation with calving – ketosis, fatty-liver, mastitis

Chapter 14 Care and management of the newly born calf
14.1. Newborn calf vitality: Risk factors, characteristics and assessment
15.1.1. Fetal resuscitation
15.1.2. Clinical examination of the newborn (reflexes, pain,)
15.1.3. Hypoxia and acidosis
15.1.4. Trauma and pain
15.1.5. Genetic and congenital defects
15.1.6. Euthanasia
14.2. Colostrum management
15.2.1. Quality assessment
15.2.2. Time, quantity and ways to provide colostrum
15.2.3. Evaluation of failure of passive transmission
14.3. Environmental comfort and hygiene
14.4. Neonatal diseases (onfalitis, hernia, diarrhea…)
14.5. Calf growth (milk replacers, development of rumen, …)
14.6. Weaning

Learning objectives/key points and Q&A

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