Canine and Feline Cytopathology: A Color Atlas and Interpretation Guide 4th Edition

Canine and Feline Cytopathology: A Color Atlas and Interpretation Guide 4th Edition

By Rose Raskin, Denny Meyer and Katie. M Boes

Canine and Feline Cytopathology: A Color Atlas and Interpretation Guide, 4th Edition PDF provides a comprehensive overview of diagnostic cytopathology for companion animals, covering all body systems and fluids. Rapidly resolve diagnostic challenges with this guide to specimen collection and evaluation, featuring more than 2,400 photomicrographs that show cytology of normal structures to contrast and support identification of cytopathology of inflammatory, hyperplastic, and neoplastic lesions. Enhancements to this edition include hundreds of new images with crisper quality and truer colors; new chapters on the pancreas and ear; updated, contemporaneously referenced information for all chapters; expanded listing for neoplastic and infectious disease testing, quality assurance, and reporting; and access to a fully searchable enhanced eBook with new print purchase. Written by seasoned veterinary cytopathologists and award-winning educators Rose Raskin, Denny Meyer, and Katie Boes, with contributions from 20 international experts, this reference offers clear, practical guidelines to sampling procedures, slide preparation, and interpretation leading to diagnoses and/or classification of the cytopathologic findings. Anticipate the expected and expect the unexpected with this atlas, which vividly illustrates the expected cytologic elements associated with the organ system and provides abundant examples of unexpected cytopathologic findings.

  • Comprehensive coverage of all body systems and body fluids emphasizes the application of aspirate biopsy cytopathology for greatest diagnostic impact.
  • Exceptional-quality, full-color photomicrographs include detailed figure legends.
  • Helpful hints for improving specimen quality are provided in discussions of common errors and problems, resulting in more diagnostically effective, cost-effective use of cytopathology.
  • Discussions of clinical findings, differential diagnostic considerations, and the rationale are included for the final cytopathological diagnosis.
  • Additional photomicrographs in organ system chapters demonstrate the histological or histopathologic corollary of cytopathologic findings.
  • Easy-to-use, well-organized format includes many tables, algorithms, boxes, and Key Point callouts for at-a-glance reference.
  • Clear, concise descriptions include sampling techniques, slide preparation and examination, and guidelines for interpretation, leading to accurate in-house and commercial laboratory diagnosis.
  • Extensively revised organ system-based chapters include focused contemporary references.
Table of Contents

Chapter I. Simple Acquistion and Management of Cytology Specimens

A. General Sampling Guideline

B. Diagnostic Imaging-Guided Sample Collection

C. Managing the Cytologic Specimen

D. Staining the Specimen

E. Site-Specific Considerations

F. Submitting Cytology Specimens to a Reference Laboratory

G. References

Chapter 2. General Categories of Cytologic Interpretation

A. Normal Tissue

B. Hyperplastic Tissue

C. Cystic Mass

D. Inflammation or Cellular Infiltrate

E. Response to Tissue Injury

F. Neoplasia

G. Artefacts and Other Questionable Findings

H. References

Chapter 3. Skin and Subcutaneous Tissues

A. Normal Histology and Cytology

B. Normal-Appearing Epithelium

C. Noninfectious Inflammation

D. Infectious Inflammation

E. Parasitic Infestation

F. Epithelial Morphology Neoplasia

G. Mesenchymal Morphology Neoplasia

H. Round or Discrete Cell Morphology Neoplasia

I. Naked Nuclei Morphology Neoplasia

J. Response to Tissue Injury

K. References

Chapter 4. Hemolymphatic System

A. General Cytodiagnostic Groups for Lymphoid Organ Cytology

B. Lymph Nodes

C. Spleen

D. Thymus

E. Extramedullary Hematopoiesis

F. References

Chapter 5. Respiratory Tract

A. The Nasal Cavity

B. Larynx

C. Trachea, Bronchi, and Lungs

D. References

Chapter 6. Body Cavity Effusions

A. Collection Techniques

B. Sample Handling

C. Laboratory Evaluation

D. Normal Cytology and Hyperplasia

E. General Classification of Effusions

F. Specific Inflammatory Types of Effusions

G. Bilious Effusion

H. Chylous Effusion

I. Neoplastic Effusion

J. Hemorrhagic Effusion

K. Parasitic Effusion

L. Pericardial Effusions

M. Miscellaneous Effusion Findings

N. Ancillary Tests

O. References

Chapter 7. Oral Cavity, Gastrointestinal Tract, and Associated Structures

A. Oral Cavity

B. Salivary Gland

C. Esophagus

D. Criteria for Gastrointestinal Cytology

E. Stomach

F. Intestine

G. Colon/Rectum

H. References

Chapter 8. Fecal Cytology

A. Sample Collection and Processing

B. Normal or Incidental Microscopic Findings

C. Abnormal Microscopic Findings

D. References

Chapter 9. Pancreas (Exocrine/Endocrine)

A. Normal Cytology

B. Hyperplasia

C. Inflammation

D. Neoplasia

E. Ancillary Tests

F. References

Chapter 10. Liver and Gall Bladder

A. Sampling the Liver

B. Normal Liver Cytology

C. Normal Gallbladder Cytology

D. Non-Neoplastic Diseases and Disorders

E. Neoplasia

F. References

Chapter 11. Urinary Tract

A. Normal Anatomy and Histology

B. Specialized Collection Techniques

C. Normal Renal Cytology

D. Non-Neoplastic and Benign Lesions of the Urinary Tract

E. Neoplasia

F. References

Chapter 12. Microscopic Examination of the Urinary Sediment

A. Sediment Preparation

B. Microscopic Examination and Recording

C. References

Chapter 13. Reproductive System

A. Mammary Glands

B. Ovaries

C. Uterus

D. Vagina

E. Prostate Gland

F. Testes

G. References

Chapter 14. Musculoskeletal System

A. Normal Joint Anatomy and Synovial Fluid Production

B. Synovial Fluid Evaluation

C. Normal Gallbladder Cytology

D. Musculoskeletal Disorders

E. References

Chapter 15. The Central Nervous System

A. Cerebrospinal Fluid

B. Cytology of Nervous System Tissue

C. Newer Diagnostic Tools and Recent Studies

D. References

Chapter 16. Ocular and Otic Sensory Systems

A. General Cytodiagnostic Groups for Ocular Cytology

B. Cytologic Biopsy Considerations for the Eye and Adnexa

C. Eyelids

D. Conjunctivae

E. Nictitating Membrane

F. Sclera

G. Cornea

H. Iris and Ciliary Body

I. Aqueous Humor

J. Vitreous Body

K. Orbital Cavity

L. Nasolacrimal Apparatus

M. General Cytodiagnostic Groups for Otic Cytology

N. Normal Ear Anatomy and Histology

O. External Ear Canal and Pinna

P. Otitis Media

Q. References

Chapter 17. Endocrine/Neuroendocrine Systems

A. Thyroid Gland

B. Parathyroid Gland

C. Adrenal Gland

D. Chemoreceptor Tumors

E. Carcinoids

F. References

Chapter 18. Advanced Diagnostic Techniques

A. Immunohistochemistry

B. Immunocytochemistry

C. Electron Microscopy

D. Special Histochemical Stains

E. Flow Cytometry

F. PCR for Antigen Receptor Rearrangements

G. Dection of Mutations, Translocations, and Copy Number Variations

H. References

Appendix 1. Microscope Equipment and Proper Usage

A. Microscope Basics

B. Using Polarized Lenses

C. Smartphone Telecytology

Appendix 2. Selected Cytologic Staining Protocols

A. Alkaline Phosphatase Stain

B. Acid-Alcohol Destaining

C. Periodic-Acid Schiff Stain

D. Gram Stain

E. Lipid Stains

F. Immunocytochemical Staining

Appendix 3. Cytologically Confusing Structures and Polarizing Materials

A. Artefactual Findings

B. Normal but Cytologically Confusing Structures

C. Polarizing Substances

Appendix 4. Mitotic Figures and Chromatin Patterns

A. Normal Mitotic Figures

B. Abnormal Mitotic Figures

C. Chromatin Patterns

Appendix 5. Advanced Collection and Preparation Techniques

A. Cell Block

B. Fluid Conversion for Histopathology

C. Cell Transfer

Appendix 6. Composing Cytologic and Histologic Reports

A. Basic cytologic terminology and cytologic report elements

B. Example fluid and solid specimen cytology descriptions

C. Basic histologic terminology and histologic report elements

D. Example infectious and neoplastic histology descriptions

Appendix 7. List of Selected Specialized Testing Sites

A. Calculi identification

B. BRAF mutation for canine bladder cancer

C. C-Kit mutation analysis

D. Endocrine

E. Flow Cytometry

F. Genetic testing for metabolic diseases

G. Immunochemistry

H. Oomycete identification

I. PARR for clonality

J. PCR for infectious agents

Appendix 8. Quick Reference for Morphologic Features of Infectious and Parasitic Agents

A. Bacteria

B. Fungi

C. Protozoa

D. Parasites

Appendix 9. Quality Assurance and Diagnostic Test Reporting

A. Quality assurance guidelines

B. Accuracy and precision related to cytology

C. Validation comparisons

D. Evidence-based cytology in practice

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