Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Equine Toxicology

Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Equine Toxicology

By Lynn R. Hovda, Dionne Benson, Robert H. Poppenga

Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion Equine Toxicology PDF is A clinical quick-reference guide to managing toxicants in horses. Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Equine Toxicology provides crucial information for managing toxicants in horses in a quick-reference format. The book begins with foundational information on clinical toxicology, including emergency management, antidotes, sample analysis, and necropsy. It then discusses specific toxicant categories and toxicants of concern, organized alphabetically for fast access in emergency situations.

The identically formatted topics offer key information relevant to managing toxicants in horses, plus clinical photographs depicting plants and drugs to help clinicians and students identify toxicants. A companion website presents the figures from the book for download in PowerPoint.

This book is the ideal clinical resource for busy practitioners seeking immediate access to life-saving information in time-sensitive emergencies. It places all the information the reader needs to manage toxicants in horses at their fingertips, with full color images and concise bullet points.


  • A thorough introduction to emergency management of the poisoned equine patient, as well as general principles of toxicants, antidotes, lab sample analysis, and necropsy analysis
  • An exploration of specific toxins and toxicants, including illicit and pharmaceutical drugs, envenomations, insecticides, herbicides, and farm chemicals
  • Practical discussions of metal, mycotoxin, rodenticide, and plant toxicology in horses
  • In-depth discussion of intoxication by poisonous trees and miscellaneous toxins, like carbon monoxide, nitrates, nitrites, salt, smoke, and tropical materials

Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Consult Clinical Companion: Equine Toxicology is an indispensable reference for veterinary clinicians and students dealing with equine medicine, as well as for anyone seeking concise and comprehensive information about equine toxicology.

Table of Contents

Contributors List


Chapter 1: Forensic Investigation of Equine Intoxications

Chapter 2: Necropsy Analysis

Chapter 3: Laboratory Testing Considerations

Chapter 4: Treating an Intoxicated Animal: Antidotes and Therapeutic Medications

Chapter 5: Compounded Medications


Drugs:  Illicit and Recreational

Chapter 6: Cobalt

Chapter 7: Cocaine

Chapter 8: Dermorphin

Chapter 9: Growth Hormones and Secretagogues

Chapter 10:   Marijuana

Chapter 11:   Methamphetamine and Amphetamine

Chapter 12: Opioids

Chapter 13: Selected Androgen (SARMS) and Estrogen (SERMS) Receptor Modulators

Chapter 14: Synthetic Cannabinoids

Drugs: Prescription

Chapter 15: Antipsychotic Agents – Reserpine and Fluphenazine

Chapter 16: Benzodiazepines

Chapter 17: Beta2 Agonists – Clenbuterol and Albuterol

Chapter 18: Bisphosphonates

Chapter 19: Gabapentin

Chapter 20: Iodine

Chapter 21: Medroxyprogesterone

Chapter 22: Methylxanthines: Caffeine, theobromine, theophylline

Chapter 23: Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDS)

Chapter 24: Thyroxine (Levothyroxine)

Chapter 25: Vitamin D (calciferol)

Insecticides, Herbicides and Farm Chemicals

Chapter 26: Amitraz

Chapter 27: Cholinesterase Inhibiting Carbamate Pesticides

Chapter 28: Cholinesterase Inhibiting Organophosphate Pesticides

Chapter 29: Fertilizers – nitrates, urea, phosphates and others

Chapter 30: Herbicides

Chapter 31: Paraquat and Diquat

Chapter 32: Pentachlorophenol (PCP)

Chapter 33: Pyrethroid and Pyrethrin Insecticides

Ionophores and Growth Promotants

    Chapter 34:     Ionophores

    Chapter 35:      Ractopamine

    Chapter 36:      Zilpaterol


Chapter 37:      Arsenic

Chapter 38:      Fluoride

Chapter 39:      Iron

Chapter 40:      Lead

Chapter 41:      Selenium

Mycotoxins / Fungus

Chapter 42: Aflatoxins

Chapter 43: Fescue (Endophyte-infected tall fescue)

Chapter 44: Fumonisins

Chapter 45: Fusaria

Chapter 46: Slaframine

Chapter 47: Tremorgenic Mycotoxins

Other Toxins

Chapter 48: Clostridium Botulinum toxin

Chapter 49: Cyanide

Chapter 50: Sodium Chloride (Salt)

Plants and Biotoxins

Chapter 51: Alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

Chapter 52: Blue-Green algae (Cyanobacteria)

Chapter 53: Cardiotoxic plants

Chapter 54: Day blooming Jessamine (Cestrum spp.)

Chapter 55: Death camus (Zigadenus spp.)

Chapter 56: Hemlocks (Conium maculatum and Cicuta spp.)

Chapter 57: Hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

Chapter 58: Jimsonweed (Datura spp.)

Chapter 59: Kleingrass (Panicum coloratum)

Chapter 60: Lantana (Lantana camara)

Chapter 61: Locoweeds (Astragalus spp. and Oxytropis spp.)

Chapter 62: Narrow leaf milkweed (Asclepias fascicularis)

Chapter 63: Nightshades (Solanum spp.)

Chapter 64: Oleander (Nerium oleander and Cascabela thevetia)

Chapter 65: Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids

Chapter 66: Rayless goldenrod (Isocoma pluriflora)

Chapter 67: Rhododendrons

Chapter 68: Sudangrass (Sorghum spp.)

Chapter 69: Tansy ragwort (Jacobea vulgaris)

Chapter 70: White snake root (Ageratina altissima)

Chapter 71: Yellowstar thistle / Russian knapweed (Centaurea solstitialis / Acroptilon repens)

Chapter 72: Yew (Taxus spp.)


Chapter 73: Anticoagulants

Chapter 74: Bromethalin

Chapter 75: Cholecalciferol

Chapter 76: Phosphides

Chapter 77: Sodium fluoroacetate (Compound 1080)

Chapter 78: Strychnine

Toxic Gases

Chapter 79: Air Contaminants – CO, NH3, H2S

Chapter 80: Smoke


Chapter 81: Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)

Chapter 82: Black walnut (Juglans nigra)

Chapter 83: Boxelder (Acer negundo)

Chapter 84: Oak (Quercus spp.)

Chapter 85: Red maple (Acer rubrum)


Chapter 86: Blister Beetles (Epicauta spp. and Pyrota spp.)

Chapter 87: Snakes – Crotalids (pit vipers)

Chapter 88: Snakes – Elapids (coral snakes)

Chapter 89: Spiders – Brown recluse spider and black widow spider

Section 3 Reference Material

Appendix 1: Abbreviations

Appendix 2: Herbicides

Appendix 3: Information Resources for Toxicology


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