Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds-Oxford University Press

Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds-Oxford University Press

By Jennifer C. Owen, Dana M. Hawley and Kathryn P. Huyvaert

Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds-Oxford University Press PDF. Birds are the most diverse group of land vertebrates and have evolved to exploit almost every terrestrial niche on earth. They also serve as a natural reservoir for an array of different pathogens that pose serious health risks to human and domestic animal populations, including West Nile
virus, highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses, Newcastle Disease virus, and numerous enteric pathogens. Avian diseases are also critically important to the conservation of endemic bird species in many places around the world.

This accessible textbook focuses on the dynamics of infectious diseases for wild avian hosts across every level of ecological hierarchy, from the way pathogens interact with the physiology and behavior of individual hosts, the evolutionary and ecological dynamics of the host-parasite interactions
occurring within populations, up to the complex biotic and abiotic interactions occurring within biological communities and ecosystems. Parasite-bird interactions are also increasingly occurring in rapidly changing global environments – thus, their ecology is also changing – and this shapes the
complex ways by which parasites influence the inter-connected health of birds, humans, and shared ecosystems. Given the key role of birds in ecological communities more broadly, and as the primary host to so many zoonotic pathogens, an understanding of the ecological and evolutionary principles
underlying the maintenance, amplification, transmission, and dispersal of these infectious agents is crucial to understanding how to mitigate the negative global impacts of the ever-increasing number of emerging infectious diseases. Although the topics and principles discussed in this book relate to
birds, they have a far wider relevance and can also be applied to non-avian, wildlife host-pathogen systems. The COVID-19 pandemic has shown that understanding of disease ecology in wild animal populations is paramount to global health.

Infectious Disease Ecology of Wild Birds is suitable for both senior undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in avian disease ecology, ecoimmunology, ecology, and conservation. It will also appeal to the many professional parasitologists, ecoimmunologists, ornithologists, behavioural
ecologists, conservation biologists, and wildlife biologists requiring a concise overview of the topic.

Table of Contents
A bird’s eye view of avian disease ecology
The nature of host-pathogen interactions
Behavior shapes infectious disease dynamics in birds
Host-pathogen evolution and coevolution in avian systems
Fitness effects of parasite infection in birds
Wild bird populations in the face of disease
Community-level interactions and disease dynamics
Land use change and avian disease dynamics
Climate change and avian disease
Pathogens from wild birds at the wildlife-agriculture interface
Pathogen transmission at the expanding bird-human interface
A flight path forward for avian infectious disease ecology

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