Biology and Ecology of Venomous Stingrays


Biology and Ecology of Venomous Stingrays

Biology And Ecology Of Venomous Stingrays Pdf

By Ramasamy Santhanam

Biology and Ecology of Venomous Stingrays PDF provides first-hand information on the diversity, biology, and ecology of venomous stingrays of freshwater, brackish, and marine ecosystems. Each year thousands of injuries to swimmers and surfers are reported, with 750 to 1,500 stingray injuries reported each year in the US alone. As more vacationers spend their leisure time exploring coasts and tropical reefs, often in isolated areas without immediate access to advanced health care, there will be greater potential for stingray injuries. A thorough understanding about the diversity of stingrays of marine and freshwater ecosystems and their injuries and envenomations would largely improve the public health community’s ability to better manage and to prevent stingray injuries. This volume fills that gap.

With over 200 photos and illustrations, this book shows the characteristics of venomous stingray families along with other profile information, such as common name, geographical distribution, diagnostic features, reproduction, predators, parasites, the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s conservation status. Importantly, it includes valuable information on stingray injuries, envenomation, and medical management.

This volume will be very informative for students of fisheries science, marine biology, aquatic biology, and environmental sciences, and will become a standard reference for marine professionals, health practitioners, and college and university libraries, and as a helpful on-board

Table of Contents


Biology and Ecology of Marine Stingrays

Profile of Marine Stingrays

Biology and Ecology of Freshwater Stingrays

Profile of Freshwater Stingrays

Stingray Injuries, Envenomation and Medical Management

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