Wild Mammals in Captivity, Principles and Techniques for Zoo Management, 2nd Edition

Zoos, aquaria, and wildlife parks are vital centers of animal conservation and management. For nearly fifteen years, these institutions have relied on Wild Mammals in Captivity as the essential reference for their work. Now the book reemerges in a completely updated second edition. Wild Mammals in Captivity presents the most current thinking and practice in the care and management of wild mammals in zoos and other institutions. In one comprehensive volume, the editors have gathered the most current information from studies of animal behavior; advances in captive breeding; research in physiology, genetics, and nutrition; and new thinking in animal management and welfare.

In this edition, more than three-quarters of the text is new, and information from more than seventy-five contributors is thoroughly updated. The standard text for all courses in zoo biology, Wild Mammals in Captivity will, in its new incarnation, continue to be used by zoo managers, animal caretakers, researchers, and anyone with an interest in how to manage animals in captive conditions.

Table of Contents

Foreword
George Rabb

Preface
Devra G. Kleiman

Acknowledgments

Part One
Ethics and Animal Welfare Standards

Introduction
Devra G. Kleiman

1. Ethics of Keeping Mammals in Zoos and Aquariums
Michael D. Kreger and Michael Hutchins

2. Challenges of Zoo Animal Welfare
Ron Kagan and Jake Veasey

3. Setting Standards for Evaluation of Captive Facilities
Joseph Barber, Denny Lewis, Govindasamy Agoramoorthy, and Miranda F. Stevenson

Part Two
Basic Mammal Management

Introduction
Devra G. Kleiman

4. Physical Methods of Capture, Handling, and Restraint of Mammals
Joe Christman

5. A Framework for Introduction and Socialization Processes for Mammals
David M. Powell

6. Principles of and Research on Environmental Enrichment for Mammals
David Shepherdson

7. Impact of Emerging and Zoonotic Diseases on Mammal Management
Dominic Travis and Robyn Barbiers

8. Safety Considerations in a Zoological Park
Mark Rosenthal and William Xanten

Part Three
Nutrition

Introduction
Charlotte Kirk Baer

9. Contemporary Topics in Wild Mammal Nutrition
Charlotte Kirk Baer, Duane E. Ullrey, Michael L. Schlegel, Govindasamy Agoramoorthy, and David J. Baer

10. Quality Control Aspects of Feeding Wild Mammals in Captivity
Barbara Henry, Michael Maslanka, and Kerri A. Slifka

Part Four
Exhibitry

Introduction
Devra G. Kleiman

11. The History and Principles of Zoo Exhibition
David Hancocks

12. Visitors, Conservation Learning, and the Design of Zoo and Aquarium Experiences
Emily Routman, Jackie Ogden, and Keith Winsten

13. Managing Captive Mammals in Mixed-Species Communities
Jake Veasey and Gabriele Hammer

14. Structural and Keeper Considerations in Exhibit Design
Mark Rosenthal and William A. Xanten

15. How to Develop a Zoo-Based Environmental Enrichment Program: Incorporating Environmental Enrichment into Exhibits
Cynthia Fernandes Cipreste, Cristiano Schetini De Azevedo, and Robert John Young

16. Special Considerations for the Maintenance of Marine Mammals in Captivity
Brian Joseph and James Antrim

17. Zoological Horticulture
Merle Moore and Don Peterkin

18. New and Sustainable Directions in Zoo Exhibit Design
Jon Coe and Greg Dykstra

Part Five
Conservation and Research

Introduction
Devra G. Kleiman

19. Demographic and Genetic Management of Captive Populations
Jonathan D. Ballou, Caroline Lees, Lisa J. Faust, Sarah Long, Colleen Lynch, Laurie Bingaman Lackey, and Thomas J. Foose

20. Regional Collection Planning for Mammals
Ruth Allard, Kevin Willis, Caroline Lees, Brandie Smith, and Bart Hiddinga

21. Management of “Surplus” Animals
Scott Carter and Ron Kagan

22. The Role of Captive Populations in Reintroduction Programs
Joanne M. Earnhardt

23. The Role of Zoos in Contributing to In Situ Conservation
Alexandra Zimmermann

24. Research Trends in Zoos
Terry L. Maple and Meredith J. Bashaw

Part Six
Behavior

Introduction
Katerina V. Thompson

25. The Importance of Maintaining Natural Behaviors in Captive Mammals
M. Elsbeth Mcphee and Kathy Carlstead

26. Animal Learning and Husbandry Training for Management
Jill Mellen and Marty Sevenich Macphee

27. Applying Knowledge of Mammalian Social Organization, Mating Systems, and Communication to Management
Ronald R. Swaisgood and Bruce A. Schulte

28. The Management of Pregnancy and Parturition in Captive Mammals
Patrick Thomas, Cheryl S. Asa, and Michael Hutchins

29. Parental Care and Behavioral Development in Captive Mammals
Katerina V. Thompson, Andrew J. Baker, and Anne M. Baker

30. Data Collection in the Zoo Setting, Emphasizing Behavior
Carolyn M. Crockett and Renee R. Ha

Part Seven
Reproduction

Introduction
Devra G. Kleiman

31. Reproductive Physiology
Cheryl S. Asa

32. Male Reproduction: Assessment, Management, Assisted Breeding, and Fertility Control
Rebecca E. Spindler and David E. Wildt

33. Endocrine Monitoring of Reproduction and Stress
Keith Hodges, Janine Brown, and Michael Heistermann

34. Contraception as a Management Tool for Controlling Surplus Animals
Cheryl S. Asa and Ingrid J. Porton

Appendixes

Introduction
Devra G. Kleiman

Appendix 1: Standard Methods for Measuring Mammals
Barbara Lundrigan

Appendix 2: Identification and Marking Techniques
Penny Kalk and Clifford G. Rice

Appendix 3: Records, Studbooks, Regional Zoo Associations, and ISIS
Laurie Bingaman Lackey

Appendix 4: Annotated Bibliography of Books, Journals, and Web Sites on Captive Management
Kay Kenyon Barboza and Linda L. Coates

List of Contributors
Author Index
Subject Index
Taxonomic Index

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