Decision Making in Small Animal Oncology

By David J. Argyle, Malcolm J. Brearley and Michelle M. Turek

Decision Making in Small Animal Oncology PDF is a practical manual for the increasing number of veterinarians called upon to treat patients with cancer. This case-based quick reference leads practitioners through diagnosis, treatment, and management decisions, offering reliable guidance for more effective management of cancer care. With easy-to-follow algorithms to assist the reader through the critical thinking process, Decision Making in Small Animal Oncology answers the questions most commonly asked in daily practice to provide the cancer knowledge practitioners and students need in general practice.

  • Case-based quick reference providing the essential cancer knowledge increasingly needed in general practice
  • Leads practitioners through diagnosis, treatment, and management decisions
  • Easy-to-follow algorithms assist the reader through the critical thinking process
  • Offers reliable answers to the most common questions in general practice
  • Provides guidance for more effective management of cancer patients
  • Emphasizes canine and feline cancer care, with additional information on exotic companion animals
Table of Contents

Forward

Chapter 1 Introduction

Cancer Biology and Terminology

A Definition of Tumour:

A Definition of Cancer

Nomenclature

Cancer Biology

The Causes of Cancer

Suggested Further Reading

Chapter 2 Paraneoplastic Syndromes

Introduction

Specific Syndromes:

Hypercalcaemia

Hypoglycemia

Hypertrophic Osteopathy (HO)

Dermatological Paraneoplastic Syndromes

Haematologic Paraneoplastic Syndromes

Mast cell degranulatio

Cancer Cachexia

Pyrexia Associated with Neoplasia

Chapter 3 Clinical Approach to the Cancer Patient

Introduction

Determining the Type of Tumour Ø Tumour Staging

Staging For Solitary Tumours.

Imaging Technolgies and Their Indications in Oncology

Staging for Disseminated or Multicentric Disease:

Assessment of General Clinical Health

Chapter 4 Biopsy, Tissue Handling and Interpretation

Introduction

Is Pre-treatment Biopsy Necessary?

Post-Surgical Biopsy is essential for:

Pre-Biopsy Considerations

Cytology

Procedures in Cytology

Practical Cytological Interpretation

Needle Biopsy

Skin Punch Biopsy

Incisional Biopsy

Excisional biopsy

Choosing Biopsy Procedures

Bone Marrow Biopsy

Tissue Preparation and Handling after Biopsy

Interpretation of Histopathology Reports

The Pathology Submission Check List

Immunohistochemistry

Chapter 5 Cancer Treatment Modalities

Choosing the appropriate Modality

Surgery

Radiotherapy

Chemotherapy

Novel Therapies

Palliative Care

Chapter 6 Tumours of the Skin and Subcutis

Introduction

Classification

Common Clinical Findings

Diagnosis

Staging for Canine and Feline Epidermal and Dermal Tumours

General treatment options for skin tumours

Epithelial Tumours

Feline Squamous Carcinoma

Canine Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Mesenchymal Tumours

Decision Tree For Soft-Tissue Tumours

Injection Site Sarcomas in Cats

Round Cell Tumours

Melanocytic Tumours

Ear Canal Tumours of Dogs and Cats

Chapter 7 Mast Cell Tumours.

Part 1: Cutaneous mast cell tumours in the dog

Introduction

Pathology and behaviour

Clinical presentation

Diagnostic investigations

Staging

Prognostic factors

Predictors of behaviour at presentation

Treatment options
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Part 2: Feline Mast Cell Disease

Introduction

Cutaneous Feline MCTs

Visceral (splenic and intestinal) MCTs

Pathology and behaviour

Clinical presentation

Diagnostic investigations

Staging

Treatment options

Prognostic factors

Splenic Mast Cell Tumors

Intestinal Mast Cell Tumors

Chapter 8 Canine and Feline Histiocytic Disorders

Introduction

Histiocyte Biology

Canine Cutaneous Histiocytoma

Canine Cutaneous Histiocytoma Decision Tree

Systemic Histiocytosis

Haemophagocytic Histiocytic Sarcoma

Feline Histiocytic Sarcoma

Chapter 9 Canine Lymphoma and Leukaemia

Lymphoma

Canine Leukaemias

Feline Leukaemia

Chapter 11 Splenic Tumours

Differential diagnoses for splenic masses in the dog and cat

Differential diagnoses for Uniform splenomegaly in the dog and ca

Diagnostic Decision Tree in Splenic lesions

Tumours usually associated with metastatic disease in the spleen

Chapter 12 Gastrointestinal Tumours

General Clinical Features Associated with Gastrointestinal Malignancies

A General Diagnostic Decision Tree in Gastrointestinal Tumours

Oral Tumours

Salivary Tumours in Dogs and Cats

Oesophageal Tumours in Dogs and Cats

Gastric Tumours in Dogs and Cats

Intestinal and Rectal Tumours

Perianal Tumours

Hepatobiliary Tumours

Exocrine Pancreatic Tumours

Chapter 13 Tumours of the Respiratory System

Nasosinal tumours in dogs

Nasosinal tumours in cats

Laryngeal Tumours in Dogs

Laryngeal Tumours in Cats

Tracheal Tumours in Dogs and Cats

Lung Tumours in Dogs

Pulmonary Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis in the Dog

Lung Tumours in Cats

Chapter 14 Endocrine Tumours

Tumours of the Endocrine System and their associated syndromes:

Pituitary and Adrenal (functional glucocorticoid secreting) Tumours

Somatotroph Tumours (Causing feline Acromegaly)

Adrenal Gland Tumours

The Incidental Adrenal Mass

Thyroid Tumours in Dogs

Feline Thyroid Tumours

Parathyroid Tumours

Islet b-Cell Tumours of the Pancreas

Miscellaneous Endocrine Tumours

Chapter 15 Tumours of the urinary system

Lower Urinary Tract tumours

Upper Urinary Tract tumours

Chapter 16 Tumours of the Reproductive Tract.

Part 1: The Female Reproductive Tract

Ovarian Tumours

Uterine Tumours

Vaginal and Vulval Tumours

Transmissible Venereal Tumour(TVT)

Part 2: Tumours of the Male Reproductive Tract

Prostatic Carcinoma

Testicular Tumours

Tumours of the Penis and Prepuce:

Chapter 17 Canine and Feline Mammary Tumours

Canine Mammary Gland Tumours (MGT)

Classification of Canine and Feline Mammary Tumours

Feline Mammary Tumours

Chapter 18 Tumours of the Musculoskeletal System

Bone tumours

Soft tissue sarcomas in Dogs

Notes on FISS cases and their management

Histiocytic sarcoma (localised).

Histiocytic sarcoma (disseminated).

Prognosis – soft tissue sarcomas in dogs and cats

Chapter 19 Tumours of the Brain, Spinal Cord, Peripheral Nerves and Special Senses

Tumours of the Brain

Spinal cord tumours

Tumours of Peripheral nerves

Tumours of the Eye and Associated Structures

Chapter 20 Miscellaneous Tumours

Part 1: Cranial Mediastinal Mass

Part 2: Malignant Effusions

Part 3: Cardiac Tumours

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