A Brief Guide to Popular 7 Types of Veterinary Practices
Veterinary practice

Explore different types of veterinary practices, from general clinics to specialized care, ensuring optimal health for pets and farm animals.

There are many specialists in pet clinics according to the pathological condition of your pet. It plays a crucial role in maintaining animal health; in addition to improving the productivity of farm animals, it’s also enhancing public health and environmental safety.

Between 64% and 85% of the veterinarians work in private practices. Thus making it the favorite working environment for veterinarians. So, if you have a pet or veterinary clinic and want to start your own business, knowing the types of veterinary practices is critical.

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Types of Veterinary Practices

  1. General Practice Veterinary Clinics
  2. Specialized Vet Clinics
  3. Exotic Animal Practice
  4. Emergency or Critical Care Facilities
  5. Mobile Veterinary Practice
  6. Equine and Large Animal Practices
  7. Animal Sanctuaries and Wildlife Rehabilitation Clinics

1- The general practice of veterinary clinics

General practice is the most common type of vet practice; it includes many examinations and the necessary comprehensive medical care for different kinds of pets, mostly cats and dogs or smaller pets such as birds and rabbits. Also provides many services, which include:

  • Dental healthcare.
  • Skin infection treatment.
  • Vaccinations.
  • Usual check-ups.
  • Surgeries.
  • Diagnosis and treatment of illness or injury.
  • Client communication.
  • Emergency care.
  • Preventative care programs.
  • Documenting and recording.
  • Team structure.
  • Veterinary practice management.

Dental healthcare

Veterinarians should have many skills to deal with emergency conditions and not be limited to one specialist.

Dental disease is the most common disease in pets, affecting up to 80% of dogs and cats. So routine check-ups must include dental examinations. Veterinarians advise dental cleanings, including scaling and removing plaque, and recommend them at least once a year for most pets.

In some cases, X-rays are used to identify problems that cannot be determined by visual examination. It is so important in every pet clinic to present veterinary teams to provide guidelines for home dental care for pet owners and recommend products that reduce plaque and tartar build-up.

Skin infection treatment

It is considered one of the veterinary practices that includes bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections. It is recommended to take the pet to a veterinary clinic to obtain the appropriate treatment and necessary care.


It is considered the cornerstone of preventive healthcare. There are two types: core vaccines and non-core vaccines. In veterinary clinics, the vaccine is given according to the appropriate schedule, and post-vaccination care is provided in the event of any side effects.

Usual check-ups

It occurs in many steps. The first step is a physical examination.

  • Appearance and behaviour.
  • Measure the temperature and pulse rate.
  • Listening to the heart and lungs.
  • Evaluation of the eyes, nose, and mouth.

Then, in veterinary practice, diagnostic tests such as urine and stool analysis, blood analysis, ultrasound, and X-rays are performed.


Surgical operations can be used in some cases, such as spaying and breaking bones.

Diagnosis and treatment of illness or injury

Diagnosis is a puzzle to determine the correct treatment. Firstly, it begins with a diagnostic, followed by a comprehensive examination that your pet will undergo. Lastly, treatment and follow-up of the condition.

Client communication

Effective communication is important in the pet clinic. Here are some of these things: 

  • Active listening

A successful vet who truly hears his clients’ concerns with some questions to understand their perspective.

  • Clear explanation

It is important in veterinary practice to simplify medical terms and provide information about the diagnosis of the condition for the pet’s owner while providing appropriate treatment and allowing them to be involved in their pet’s care plan.

Read More: 7 Essential Skills For Improving Communication In Veterinary Practice

Emergency care

A skilled team tackles emergencies and deals with conditions, including:

  • Breathing trouble.
  • Severe bleeding.

The emergency crew focuses on immediately stabilizing your pet. This might involve oxygen therapy, controlling bleeding, and pain relief.

Preventative care programs

It keeps your pet healthy and focuses on prevention, not just treating it with regular checkups.

Documenting and recording 

It is an important step to follow up on your pet’s medical history.

Team structure

Teams work together to keep pets healthy. Each member plays a vital role in animal care, they help with examinations, surgeries, diagnosis, and treatment.

Veterinary practice management 

The clinic’s brain keeps things running regularly by scheduling staff, managing supplies, and marketing the clinic.

2- Specialized vet clinics

These clinics focus on many specialties. Here are some examples:

  • Dermatology.
  • Ophthalmology.
  • Cardiology.
  • Oncology.
  • Dentistry.
  • Neurology.

3- Exotic animal practice

Exotic animal practice means other pets that need diagnosis, treatment, and care differ from cats and dogs. These pets include birds, reptiles, and amphibians.

4- Emergency or critical care facilities

It plays a vital role in saving the lives of pets in life. Including an emergency department, and emergency equipment with advanced diagnosis tools to stabilize and treat pets, this practice provided 24 hours of care for urgent cases and trauma.

Read More: How to Become a Successful Emergency Vets by Risk Analysis

5- Mobile veterinary practice

In the US, there are around 30,000 mobile vet practices, this number increases annually, referring to the need for pet care.

The services provided are routine care, chronic disease management, reduced stress for pets, saved time, and convenience for owners.

6- Equine and large animal practices 

Veterinary medicine is concerned with large animals that cannot be treated in the usual manner in the clinic. There are specialized clinics for large animals, such as horse care.

7- Animal sanctuaries and wildlife rehabilitation clinics

Animal reserves play an important role in the rehabilitation of life and work to provide the necessary care and appropriate nutrition in veterinary practice.

They work to provide shelter and care for animals that cannot be returned to the wild, due to illness or injury.


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Veterinary practices are an essential field that cares for the lives of countless animals and pet owners. They also play a vital role in public health by preventing the spread of zoonotic diseases and ensuring the safety of foods. Diversity in the types of veterinary practices is critical in animal care. We can expect even better care for our animal companions in the coming years.