Diagnosis and treatment of Joint Disease of Small Animals

Diagnosis and treatment of Joint Disease of Small Animals PDF

By Masahiro Okumura

Diagnosis and treatment of Joint Disease of Small Animals PDF. Today, small animal clinicians encounters dogs and cats suffering from joint diseases more frequently than before.

This is due to the increase in life expectancy of the animals and the current trend of people having medium to large breeds of dogs, which are more likely to develop joint disorders, as pets.

Quite often veterinarians find it difficult to accurately diagnose and treat joint diseases because of the particular functional characteristics of joints.

In this article, the outline of the methods of diagnosing and treating joint diseases of small animals are described.

Read more: Equine Fracture Repair 2nd Edition

Table of Contents

1 Introduction 5
2 Structure and Function of Joints 7
3 Joint diseases of animals and Diagnosis 11
Joint Diseases of Animals 12
Diagnosis of Joint Diseases 13
1 – General physical examination 13
2 – Examination of lameness 14
3 – Orthopedic evaluation 14
4 – Diagnostic imaging 16
X-ray examination 17
Arthroscopy 18
Tomographic Imaging (X-ray CT, MRI, Ultrasonography, or others) 19
5 – Tests on the synovial fluid 20
Appearance 21
Cytological analysis 21
Protein content 21
Bacteriologic culture test 21
4 Treatment of Joint Diseases 23
1 – Conservative therapy 24
Non-drug conservative therapy 24
Drug therapy 24
Purposes 24
– Control of pain 24
– Control of joint inflammation 25
– Correction of degraded joint structure 25
– Modification of cartilage matrix metabolism 25
Practical aspects of drug therapy 25
– Steroids and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs 25 5 – Disease-Modifying Osteoarthritis Agents (DMOA) 27
2 – Surgical treatment 28
5 Conclusion 31
References 32

File Size 10 MB
File Format PDF
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