Advances in Small Animal Care 2020

This premier volume of Advances in Small Animal Care, a yearly multi-specialty publication, publishes the most current thinking and recent advances in small animal veterinary practice from the voice of a truly distinguished editorial board, including Editor-in-Chief Philip H. Kass and a stellar invited author list. Topics discussed in this first volume are within the areas of behavior, diagnostic imaging, gastroenterology, infectious disease, and nutrition. This volume will appeal to all practicing veterinarians and will inform and enhance clinical practice.

Table of Contents

Cover image
Title page
Copyright
Editorial Board
Contributors
Preface
Behavior
Separation-Related Problems in Dogs: A Critical Review
Key points
Introduction
What is known about separation-related problem risk factors?
Causes of separation-related problems: more than hyperattachment
Should Treatment Strategies Be Modified According to the Current
Understanding of Fear and Stress?
Aggressive Behavior in Dogs: An Overview of Diagnosis and Treatment
Key points

Introduction
Causations and triggers: factors influencing the development of an
aggression problem, and eliciting individual aggressive actions
Anamnesis, history taking, practical evaluation, and diagnosis
Treatment
Summary
Behavior and Medical Problems in Pet Animals
Key points
Introduction
Making an initial evaluation of health in behavior cases
The interaction between medical and behavioral problems
Examples of medical problems that influence behavior
The influence of traits
The influence of the environment (physical and social)
Summary
Diagnostic Imaging
Whole-Body Computed Tomography Imaging in Cancer Staging
Key points
Introduction
Whole-body computed tomography technique
Whole-body computed tomography oncologic staging
Thorax evaluation
Lymph node evaluation
Liver evaluation

Spleen evaluation
Muscular and cardiac evaluation
Skeletal evaluation
Present relevance and future considerations
Summary
CT Angiography and Vascular Anomalies
Key points
Introduction
Technological and technical overview
Abdominal computed tomography angiography
Abdominal vascular diseases
Thoracic computed tomography angiography
Thoracic vascular diseases
Pulmonary vascular diseases
Lymph Node Evaluation with Diagnostic Imaging
Key points
Introduction
Survey radiography
Contrast radiography and sentinel lymph node detection
Ultrasound
Ultrasound and sentinel lymph node detection
Computed tomography
Abnormal lymph nodes on computed tomography

Computed tomoraphic sentinel lymph node identification
Magnetic resonance imaging
Magnetic resonance imaging sentinel lymph node detection
Nuclear medicine
Positron emission tomography–computed tomography
Emerging lymph node imaging
Summary
Gastroenterology
Genetics and Immunopathogenesis of Chronic Inflammatory Enteropathies in
Dogs
Key points
Introduction and definition of chronic inflammatory enteropathies
Etiopathogenesis of chronic inflammatory enteropathies
Granulomatous colitis in dogs
Summary
The Intestinal Microbiome in Canine Chronic Enteropathy and Implications for
Extraintestinal Disorders
Key points
Introduction—importance and function of the intestinal microbiome
Assessment of the intestinal microbiome
Alterations in the intestinal microbiome in intestinal disease
Intestinal microbiome as metabolic organ and the impact on extraintestinal
systems
Examples of extraintestinal disorders that are linked to gut dysbiosis

Important and Novel Laboratory Parameters and Biomarkers for Canine Chronic
Enteropathy
Key points
Introduction
Laboratory parameters in dogs with chronic enteropathy
Biomarkers in chronic enteropathies of dogs
Biomarkers that are currently available for clinical use in small animal
medicine
Biomarkers that are currently primarily a research tool in small animal
gastroenterology
Present relevance and future avenues to consider or to investigate
Summary
Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Food-Responsive, Antibiotic-Responsive Diarrhoea,
Protein Losing Enteropathy: Acronyms, Clinical Staging, and Treatment of
Chronic Inflammatory Enteropathy in Dogs
Key points
Introduction
Insight into chronic inflammatory enteropathy acronyms
Clinical staging of chronic inflammatory enteropathy: assessing disease
activity and severity
Treatment of canine chronic inflammatory enteropathy
Assessing treatment response in canine chronic inflammatory enteropathy:
treat to target
Prognosis and long-term outcome in canine chronic inflammatory
enteropathy
Alternative and novel treatment options
Summary

Infectious Disease
Enteric Viruses of Dogs
Key points
Introduction
Canine parvovirus
Canine coronavirus
Canine rotaviruses
Canine caliciviruses
Canine astroviruses
Canine circovirus
Canine kobuvirus
Canine bocavirus 2
Other viruses
Summary
Advances in Molecular Diagnostics and Treatment of Feline Infectious Peritonitis
Key points
Introduction
Diagnostic tests for feline coronavirus exposure or shedding
Diagnosis of feline infectious peritonitis
Treatment
Present relevance and future avenues to consider or to investigate
Summary
Funding

Infectious Agents in Feline Chronic Kidney Disease: What Is the Evidence?
Key points
Introduction
Significance
Current relevance and future avenues to consider
Summary
Nutrition
Nutrition for the Hospitalized Patient and the Importance of Nutritional
Assessment in Critical Care
Key points
Introduction
Starvation
Why feed: protein catabolism and survival
Who’s at risk of starving or who to feed?
How to feed: oral and enteral nutrition
What to feed
How much and how often should I feed?
What to watch for: monitoring for complications
How to feed: parenteral nutrition
Summary and future directions
The Role of Taurine in Cardiac Health in Dogs and Cats
Key points
Introduction
Physiology and metabolism of taurine in dogs and cats

Etiology and characterization of taurine deficiency
Clinical taurine deficiency in dogs
Reoccurrence of canine dilated cardiomyopathy cases
Assessment of the patient with dilated cardiomyopathy
Corrective actions in pet food formulation
Combining Nutrition and Physical Rehabilitation to Improve Health Outcomes
for Dogs and Cats
Key points
Introduction
Tools and procedures for general practitioners
Body condition scoring
Muscle condition scoring
Nutrition assessment
Orthopedic and neurologic examinations
Summary
Vitamin D in Health and Disease in Dogs and Cats
Key points
Introduction
Significance
Present relevance and future avenues to consider or to investigate
Summary

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